Chapters in Books 

Bitzer, E.M., Leshem, S. and Trafford, V.N. 2018. The doctoral viva voce as a rite of passage into academia. In: du Preez, P. and Simmonds, S. (Eds) A scholarship of doctoral education: on becoming a researcher.  Stellenbosch: SUN Media.

Bitzer, E.M., Leshem, S. and Trafford, V.N. 2016. Becoming doctorate as an end point and a point of departure. In: Fourie-Malherbe, M., Albertyn, R., Aitchison, C. and Bitzer, E.M.  (Eds)  Postgraduate supervision: future foci for the knowledge society. Stellenbosch: SUN Media.

Trafford, V.N. 2016. An imagined discussion about tackling doctoral supervision. In: Frick, L., Trafford, V.N. and Fourie-Malherbe, M. (Eds). Being scholarly: a Festschrift in honour of the work of Eli M. Bitzer. Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA.

Trafford, V.N. 2016.  An imagined discussions about tackling doctorate supervision.  In: Frick, L., Trafford,V.N. and Fourie-Malherbe, M. (Eds) Being scholarly: a Festschrift in honour of the work of Eli M Bitzer.  Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA. p155-164.

Bitzer, E.M, Leshem, S. and Trafford, V.N. 2016. Becoming doctorate as an end point and a point of departure.  In: Fournie-Malherbe, M., Albertyn, R., Aitchison, C. and Bitzer, E.M. (eds) Postgraduate supervision: future foci for the knowledge society.  Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA. 

Trafford, V.N. 2014. Improving doctoral research by learning from doctoral vivas /defences.  In:  Halliday, D. (Ed)  International Developments in Doctoral Education and Training. Lichfield: UKCGE.

Leshem, S. and Trafford, V.N. 2013. The myth of ‘preparing for the viva’. In: Carter, S. and Laurs, D. (Eds). Developing generic support for doctoral students. London: Routledge. 

Trafford, V.N. 2012.  Reviewing the literature or creating theoretical perspectives? In: Savin-Baden, M. and Major, C.H. (Eds.) Qualitative research: the essential guide to theory and practice. London: Routledge.

Trafford, V.N. 2008. Conceptual frameworks as a threshold concept in doctorateness. In: Land, R., Meyer, J. and Smith. J. (Eds.) Threshold concepts within the disciplines. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. p273-288.

Trafford, V.N. 2005. A patient’s experience of ASCOT. In: Poulter, N.R., Sever, P.S. Dahlöf, B. and Wedel, H. (Eds.) Anglo-Scandinavia cardiac outcomes trial. Birmingham: Sherborne Gibbs. p95-97.

Wisker, G., Robinson, G., Trafford, V. and Thomas, J. 2005. The effectiveness of PhD support and development programmes for international students: an Israeli case study. In: Wisker, G. (Ed.) Good Practice Working with International Students. London: Staff and Educational Development Association. SEDA Paper 110.

Leshem, S. and Trafford, V.N. 2004. Partnership models between first year EFL student teachers and a school. In: Pulverness, A. (Ed.) IATEFL 2004 Liverpool conference proceedings. Canterbury: IATEFL. p107-110.

Trafford, V.N. and Wilkinson, S. 2004. Taking about action research in a car. In: Sanger, J., Schratz, J.M. and Trafford, V.N. (Eds.) The pied piper: an only book of research essays. Chelmsford: Earlybrave. p131-144.